Tuberculosis

General İnfo

Tuberculosis or TB is an infectious disease which mainly affects the lungs of the body and also spread to other organs of the human body. It is a one of the serious or dangerous diseases that can kill a person. Mainly tuberculosis are two types, latent and active. The latent TB bacteria remain in the human body in an inactive state, but the active TB can cause serious trouble in the body system. TB illness can be arise at any age group.

Symptoms

The X-ray showing the affected portion

The X-ray showing the affected portion

There are no symptoms of latent TB, But the symptoms of active TB include-

  • Coughing, with mucus or blood

  • Pain in the chest and also at the time of respiration

  • Chills

  • Fatigue or extreme tiredness

  • Fever

  • Nuisance in the spinal cord and joints or muscles

  • Severe weight loss and also strength or energy of the physical structure

  • Liver and kidney can be affected and disturb the digestive system of the body

  • Blood with the urine

  • A sudden Loss of appetite

  • Night sweats or sweating

Causes

Causing due to the disease

Causing due to the disease

Tuberculosis is caused by a type of bacterium which is Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This bacterium is the real reason of having TB illness in the human body. Mycobacterium tuberculosis enter the human body through the air. When a person is already affected by the TB it spread in the atmosphere with his or her coughs, sneezes, spits, laughs or talks.

Treatment

The treatment of TB is an easily executed with proper or right medication and with care. The tuberculosis patient must obey each and every instruction of the doctor strictly to recover quickly. The TB illness can be cured fully and patient can live a normal life. The treatment is a long process and procedure.

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Classification and external resources

Tuberculosis
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