Legionnaires’ disease

General İnfo

Legionnaires’ disease affects the lungs of the humans more

Legionnaires’ disease is usually caused by bacterial attack. It affects a person’s lungs. Other parts of the body are also affected, dominantly, the heart. Immediate medication must be given.

The diagram depicting how the disease affects

The diagram depicting how the disease affects

Legionnaires’ disease is a one kind of pneumonia, which is caused by bacteria known as Legionella. The Legionnaires’ disease spread from inhaling the bacteria. It doesn’t get spread from person to person via contact or touch. Older adults means over the age of 50, smokers or heavy tobacco users and people with weak immune systems are more susceptible to Legionnaires’ disease.

Symptoms

The symptoms of Legionnaires’ disease

  • Headache

  • Pain in the chest and muscle

  • High fever and chills

  • Shortness of breath, racing heartbeat

  • Coughing

  • Diarrhea

  • Vomiting, nausea or severe abdominal pain

  • Mental confusion or mix-up

In this disease, lungs are primarily affected and also other parts of the body including the heart.

Senior citizens are more prone to the disease

Senior citizens are more prone to the disease

Causes

The main reason of causing Legionnaires’ disease in humans is by the bacteria, called as Legionella pneumophila. In outside world or outdoor, Legionella bacteria live in soil and water and in indoors world. Legionella bacteria can form on all kinds of aquatic systems such as hot tubs, air conditioners, mist sprayers of grocery store in the produce department and home plumbing systems. Maximum cases of this disease occur due to the bacterium Legionella pneumophila. The bacteria grow best or quickly in warm temperature or water.

Treatment

The treatment of Legionnaires’ disease is successfully done with the help of antibiotics like azithromycin or ciprofloxacin. Whenever know about the disease, immediately start the therapy or treatment under a specialist doctor unless the chances of serious complications or death may arise.

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Classification and external resources

Legionnaires’ disease
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